Application Security and software is just one of the most significant steps in planning for development. After all, the level of reliability is something that will decide its success, and this will be reflected in the number of active users in the application. And there’s no way to talk about security without discussing OWASP.
The collaboration of IT professionals is required to combat security breaches, shielding systems upon unauthorized intrusions and losses of confidential information from users and businesses. This makes it crucial to monitor and actively engage in OWASP.
What is OWASP?
OWASP is short for “Open Web Application Security Project”. It is a non-profit entity with international identification, performing with a focus on collaboration to increase software security around the world.
OWASP keeps a list of the 10 most dangerous Web application security holes, with the most effective techniques to address them.
How does OWASP work?
The group supporting the project is formed of a range of web security experts spread all over the world. They share their expertise and knowledge of existing vulnerabilities, warnings, attacks, and countermeasures.
The idea is to collect the most important information that enables the assessment of security risks and the methods to fight them efficiently.
Why OWASP is important?
OWASP is a free and open security community project that gives an absolute wealth of knowledge, devices to help anyone included in the creation, development, testing, implementation, and maintenance of a web application to assure that security is established from the start and that the end product is as protected as possible.
Among the main advantages that OWASP grants to companies and IT professionals, we can highlight the following:
- helps make applications more protected against cyber attacks;
- helps lessen the rate of errors and operational failures in systems;
- Adds to stronger encryption;
- Enhances the potential for application success;
- Enhances the image of the software developer company.
OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities
The OWASP Top 10 is a list of flaws so common and severe that no web application should be passed to customers without some proof that the software does not include these errors.
The following recognizes each of the OWASP Top 10 Web Application Security Risks and gives solutions and best methods to prevent or remediate them.
Injection defects, such as SQL injection, LDAP injection, and CRLF injection, happen when an attacker transfers untrusted data to an interpreter that is produced as a command without proper permission.
* Application security testing can simply detect injection flaws. Developers should use parameterized queries when coding to stop injection flaws.
2. Weak Authentication and Session Management
Inaccurately configured user and session authentication could enable attackers to compromise passwords, keys, or session tokens, or take handle of users’ accounts to understand their identities.
* Multi-factor authentication, such as FIDO or assigned apps, decreases the uncertainty of endangered accounts.
3. Sensitive Data Exposure
Applications and APIs that don’t accurately protect delicate data such as financial data, usernames, and passwords, or health information, could allow attackers to obtain such information to commit scam or steal identities.
* Encryption of data at rest and in transition can assist you to comply with data protection regulations.
4. XML External Entity
Poorly configured XML processors decide external entity recommendations within XML documents. Attackers can utilize external entities for crimes including remote code execution, and to reveal internal files and SMB file shares.
* Static application security testing (SAST) can find this issue by examining dependencies and configuration.
5. Broken Access Control
Inappropriately configured or missing constraints on authenticated users enable them to obtain unauthorized functionality or data, such as obtaining other users’ accounts, viewing sensitive reports, and transforming data and access rights.
* Penetration testing is required for detecting non-functional access controls; other testing methods only discover where access controls are missing.
6. Security Misconfiguration
This risk relates to improper implementation of controls assigned to keep application data secure, such as misconfiguration of security headers, failure messages including sensitive information (information leakage), and not repairing or upgrading systems, frameworks, and components.
* Dynamic application security testing (DAST) can identify misconfigurations, such as leaky APIs.
7. Cross-Site Scripting
Cross-site scripting (XSS) flaws provide attackers the ability to inject client-side scripts into the application, for instance, to redirect users to malicious websites.
* Developer training complements security testing to assist programmers block cross-site scripting with best coding best methods, such as encoding data and input validation.
8. Insecure deserialization
Insecure deserialization flaws can allow an attacker to execute code in the application remotely, tamper or remove serialized (written to disk) objects, control injection attacks, and upgrade privileges.
* Application security tools can identify deserialization flaws but penetration testing is frequently required to verify the problem.
9. Using Components With Known Vulnerabilities
Developers frequently don’t understand which open source and third-party parts are in their applications, making it hard to update elements when new vulnerabilities are found. Attackers can employ an insecure element to take over the server or take sensitive data.
* Software composition analysis managed at the same time as static analysis can identify vulnerable versions of elements.
10. Insufficient Logging and Monitoring
The time to identify a breach is usually measured in weeks or months. Inadequate logging and ineffective integration with security incident response systems enable attackers to pivot to different systems and manage persistent threats.
* Think like an attacker and apply pen testing to discover if you have enough monitoring; review your logs after pen-testing.
TestUnity helps provide comprehensive and actionable remediation advice. We bring to light possible weaknesses in the design of your application. Threat modeling recognizes the types of threat agents that produce harm and adopts the view of malicious hackers to see how much harm they can do. We see beyond the typical canned list of attacks to consider new attacks or attacks that may not have unless been considered.
Feel free to Contact TestUnity experts for more information.