What is Smoke Testing and why is it important?
A quality product is what matters for enterprises today for which powerful software testing is essential as it performs an essential role in achieving quality. There are many types of software testing methods such as unit testing, system testing, smoke testing, integration testing, sanity testing, functional testing, non-functional testing types, etc. Out of these, smoke testing is a testing method that has its own distinction among these classified software testing methods.
Smoke testing has got its name from hardware repair systems wherein a smoke test is conducted on pipelines to understand whether they are working or not. Furthermore, this smoke test is a quick test performed as a part of the software testing, to observe if the application “catches on fire” when a new build is deployed and tested for the first time.
This type of testing is also called build verification or build acceptance method of testing. Particularly, this should be the first method of software testing that requires to be executed when once any new code deployment or code update is done for software projects.
What is the scope of Smoke Testing?
Basically, smoke testing is a rapid regression test of the significant functionality and shows that the product is available for further testing. With the smoke testing process, most of the defects are recognized at the initial stages of software development and helps in the correction of these recognized defects.
With this testing method, the QA team can detect defects to the application functionality and at times this testing method is also performed by developers. If the smoke test is a pass then the build can be further transmitted to the testing process else the build is declined.
When Smoke Testing is performed?
This testing should take place at the beginning of the software testing life cycle. Smoke testing quickly checks the quality of the build and evaluates the basic tasks whether they can be performed or not. This method of testing should be adopted when there is a difference in the build or whenever a new build is deployed.
This type of testing examines the stability of the code for every sprint with a new code deployed. This testing method is performed before any detailed functional or regression testing is taken up as this testing process needs very little time to get a summary of the new code stability.
In smoke testing, the test cases normally include the most important functionalities of the system. The basic purpose of this method of testing is not to conduct exhaustive testing, but to check that the critical functionalities of the system are working fine.
This can be useful to understand the below functions such as several login functions, to check to install and working of mobile apps or to examine the responsiveness of GUI features of web apps or used while in checking some primary operations across web apps and mobile apps.
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